Summer draws its final breaths. You can feel the earth and all her creatures heave a sigh of relief as the heat is dissipating and crisp, cool mornings arrive. The change of temperature turns my gardener thoughts to the fall garden. The onslaught of harvest and preserving is over. Time for some deep breaths while we start new seeds and do the fall garden preparation.
Our Top Fall Garden Preparation Tips
Here in U.S. Growing Zone 7B, we’re able to have a garden pretty much year-round. January and February are our downtimes. But, based on where you live, you may be thinking of putting the garden to bed for the winter. No matter what gardening zone you live in, there are certain fall garden preparations to perform during this transitional season.
#1 Debris Removal
Do you till your garden, use raised beds and containers, or have a combination of the two as we do? No matter which garden style you prefer, the first step in fall garden preparation is the same: Remove and/or incorporate all the plant debris from your garden.
Removing diseased plants from your garden is essential. We burn any diseased plants we have. It’s important to not put diseased plants in the compost area as the disease can incubate there and contaminate your compost.
Healthy plant debris can be incorporated into the soil or added to compost. Incorporating it into the garden helps improve drainage, introduces oxygen, relieves soil compaction, and enriches the soil. You can also feed it to your livestock. Be certain that the plants you feed your livestock are safe for them to eat, some plants are considered toxic to animals.
As organic, Non-GMO farmers, we don’t use any chemicals. We enhance our soil with composted soil, vermiposted soil (composting done with worms), compost tea, cover crops, and manure from our animals. Our animals are free ranged and receive Non-GMO, organic feed, so this suits our needs well.
Your garden has used much of its energy and nutrition producing the harvest. Fall is the best time to return the favor to your soil. There are many fertilizing options. Choose the one that suits your lifestyle and goals.
Organic fertilizers are easy to find if you don’t have access to your own. Fall fertilizing allows winter rains to carry vital nutrients deep into the hungry soil. Leaving your tilled soil bare naked will result in loss of soil and nutrients. Tilling in two directions will help prevent most of this runoff.
#3- Till or Mulch
Our 100′ x 50′ garden is deep mulched. Our goal is to do away with the need for any tilling, except in the feed plots. Deep mulching, for us, is 3 to 6 inches of mulch material. Pine straw, leaves, decayed wood, and wood chips are ready resources on the farm.
We lay healthy plant debris down in the garden and use the chickens to “till” it in. They are rotated through the garden one area at a time. Chickens scratch and incorporate the debris for us and fertilize as they go! They also remove any unwanted bugs for us like squash bugs and spiders. We’ve had a problem with black widows this last couple of years so we’re looking forward to the chickens eradicating them for us! Once they’ve done their job in each area, we add any fertilizer we want and finish it off with a fresh layer of deep mulch.
#4- Cover Crops
Cover crops are a favorite here, especially for the fall garden. We use cover crops fall and winter. Buckwheat is our favorite cover crop. It enriches the soil and makes beautiful flowers which the honey bees love. This provides a valuable food source for them at this late time of the year. It does it again in the spring for an early source of food for these most helpful critters.
An uncultivated area can be planted in buckwheat to prepare it for use. It will choke out weeds and grass while enriching the soil. Your local extension office can help you determine what grows best in your area.
Cover crops protect against erosion as they boost the organic matter in your soil. Many gardeners lay down cover crops down by cutting or tilling them into the ground. They usually do this before they are able to form seeds. We allow buckwheat to go to seed and come up a second time. Just before it goes to seed again, we cut it down and let it lay there until the chickens take care of it.
#5- Cool Weather Crops
Here in the south, part of our fall garden prep is planting cool weather crops. We’re careful with our crop rotation. This helps to ensure soil integrity and healthy crops. Among our favorite cool-weather fall crops are broccoli, cabbage, kale, Swiss chard, beets, radishes, carrots, Brussel sprouts, garlic and of course turnip and collard greens!
#6- Keeping a Garden Journal
A garden journal is essential to successful gardening. Accurate records put valuable gardening information and your fingertips. A successful harvest depends on crop rotation, plant production, disease, and weather patterns. A good garden journal will handily help keep up with these. Also, it helps you remember what you liked and didn’t like. Knowing what you planted, how much, and the success of each is essential.
For me, fall is the best time to be sure my notes are in order. During my winter review, I’m able to make decisions and improvements without trying to “remember everything.” This proves more and more challenging for some of us.
#7- General Preparations
Transitioning your garden from spring to fall involves more than garden work. Not that anyone needs more chores, but let’s look at a few. While taking more time now, doing these will make our spring gardening experience better.
- Remove and drain irrigation systems: soaker hoses, water hoses, water jugs, etc.
- Tools: inspect, repair, and clean them. My grandfather taught me to store shovels, hoes, and blades in a bucket of oil or sand to prevent rust and dullness.
- Check your stock and organize it now. Make note of what you used and didn’t use. Decide what you’ll need to repurchase. Your garden journal will prove itself prime property for this chore.
- Take note of any expiration dates and temperature restrictions on supplies. Botanicals tend to be temperature sensitive.
Find more gardening help
I certainly hope you’ve gotten hyped up for fall garden preparation. If you haven’t learned anything new, then maybe you’ve been spurred to seasonal inspiration!
Plant your fall seeds for your cool weather crops. It’s never too late to get gardening! To check your local frost date and planting dates, check the Farmer’s Almanac here. You may want to buy starts instead of sowing seeds if you got a late start.
Contact me with any questions or concerns and I will get you the help you’re looking for. What are you waiting for? Get out there! Frisk up that fall garden.
If you’ve enjoyed this article, we offer other amazing gardening tips on our Gardening Page Here
FREE Printable Fall Garden Prep Checklist
If you’re like me then you do better at accomplishing your goals and staying organized if you have a list. Here is our FREE Printable Fall Gardening Checklist. Make sure to add it to your gardening journal.